|Area Land||49.78 km2 (19.22 sq mi)|
|Density||1,068.8/km2 (2,768/sq mi)|
|Elevation||82.3 m (270.0 ft)|
Aurora is an affluent town in York Region in the Greater Toronto Area, within the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario. It is located north of the town of Richmond Hill and is partially situated on the Oak Ridges Moraine. In the Canada 2011 Census, the municipal population of Aurora was the 95th largest in Canada, compared to 97th for the 2006 Census. Many Aurora residents commute to Toronto and surrounding communities.
With the coming of the railway in 1853, Aurora emerged as an important centre north of Toronto. The Fleury plough works was established soon after and Aurora was on its way to becoming a flourishing industrial town.
Major roads running through Aurora include Bathurst Street at its western border, Yonge Street, Bayview Avenue, Leslie Street, and Highway 404 at its eastern border and Bloomington Road at the southern border. Wellington Street is the town’s major east-west road, with the Yonge-Wellington area having the busiest traffic volume in Aurora.
Currently, a largely undeveloped portion of Aurora is subject to the Ontario Government’s Greenbelt legislation which enforces limits on growth in designated Green Belt locations. In Aurora, this affects mostly the south-eastern areas of the town.